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Flexicurity indicators

In December 2007 the European council of ministers agreed upon a set of “common principles of flexicurity”.  The second of these principles states that flexicurity is based on four fundamental pillars:

  • flexible and reliable contractual arrangements;
  • comprehensive lifelong learning strategies to ensure the continual adaptability and employability of workers;
  • effective active labour market policies that help people cope with rapid change;
  • modern social security systems that provide adequate income support.

The Employment Committee (EMCO) elaborated a series of indicators for monitoring and analysis.  This work was finished by June 2009.  For this, the Committee basically used the indicators of the European Employment Strategy.  However, they were structured according to the four pillars and for each of them input indicators as well as process indicators and output indicators were identified.  Input indicators are quantitative assessments of rules and regulations.  Process indicators reflect the shares of particular groups of persons affected by or participating in policy measures.  Output indicators describe the results.  In the context of flexicurity indicators that describe mobility on the labour market are preferred as output indicators.  Other more general outputs (employment rate…) are not included, since these are influenced by many very diverse policy areas, not only by flexicurity policies.

Contractual arrangements, including working time arrangements

Input 

21.A4 IED18 - Access to flexitime (XLS, 35 Ko) 

 

Process 

21.M2 IED14 - Workers with non-standard contracts (XLS, 36 Ko)
IED05 - Percentage of workers working involuntary part time and-or fixed-term (XLS, 33 Ko)
IED06 - Involuntary part time as percentage of total part time (XLS, 29 Ko)
IED07 - Involuntary part time as percentage of total employees (XLS, 35 Ko)
IED08 - Involuntary temporary employment as percentage of total temporary employment (XLS, 32 Ko)
IED09 - Involuntary temporary employment as percentage of total employees (XLS, 34 Ko)  
21.A3 IED17 - Overtime (XLS, 36 Ko) 

 

Output

21.M1 IEM02 - Transitions by type of contract - Permanent and temporary (XLS, 46 Ko) 
21.A3 IED17 - Overtime (XLS, 36 Ko) (number of overtime hours) 

 

Lifelong learning

Input 

23.M1 IEF21 - Total public spending on education (XLS, 28 Ko) 
23.A1 IEF25 - Training in enterprises (XLS, 36 Ko) (expenses) 

 

Process 

23.M4 IEF10 - Percentage of the population participating in training during the reference month (XLS, 33 Ko)
IEF11 - Percentage of the population participating in training during the reference month by age (XLS, 38 Ko)
IEF13 - Percentage of workers participating in training during the reference month (XLS, 33 Ko)
IEF14 - Percentage of workers participating in training during the reference month by age (XLS, 37 Ko)
IEF16 - Percentage of the unemployed participating in training during the reference month (XLS, 33 Ko) 
23.A2 IEF25 - Training in enterprises (XLS, 36 Ko) (participation) 

 

Output 

17.A4 IEM01 - Transitions by employment status - Administrative data (XLS, 44 Ko) 
18.A8 IEM04 - Transitions by pay level (XLS, 39 Ko)
IEM05 - Transitions by pay level - Administrative data (XLS, 37 Ko) 
23.A3 IEF01 - Educational attainment level of adults (XLS, 50 Ko) 
24.A2 IEF31 - Computer skills by region and gender (XLS, 40 Ko)
IEF32 - Internet skills by region and gender (XLS, 41 Ko)
IEF33 - Computer skills by employment status (XLS, 37 Ko)
IEF34 - Internet skills by employment status (XLS, 37 Ko)
IEF35 - Computer skills by educational attainment (XLS, 37 Ko)
IEF36 - Internet skills by educational attainment (XLS, 36 Ko) 

Active labour market policies

Input 

19.A6 IER13 - LMP expenditure per person wanting to work (XLS, 40 Ko) 
19.A5 IER11 - Labour market policies expenditure according to the LMP classification as a % of GDP (XLS, 38 Ko)  

 

Process 

19.M2 IER04 - Activation and labour market support (XLS, 52 Ko) 
19.M3 IER01 - Preventative approach to reduce the inflow into long-term unemployment (XLS, 51 Ko)
IER02 - New start to reduce the inflow into long-term unemployment (XLS, 48 Ko) 
19.A3 IER05 - Activation of registered unemployed (XLS, 43 Ko) 

 

Output 

19.A4 IER07 - Active labour market policies - Follow-up of participants (XLS, 47 Ko) 
  Follow up of participants in training measures (no data available yet) 

Social security

Input 

19.A6 IER13 - LMP expenditure per person wanting to work (XLS, 40 Ko) 
19.A5 IER11 - Labour market policies expenditure according to the LMP classification as a % of GDP (XLS, 38 Ko) 
19.M6 IEI04 - Tax rate on income of low wage-earners - Low wage trap (XLS, 29 Ko) 
19.M7 IEI03 - Tax rate on income of low wage-earners - Unemployment trap (XLS, 30 Ko) 

 

Process 

19.M2 IER04 - Activation and labour market support (XLS, 52 Ko) 

 

Output 

19.A8 IEO01 - Risk of poverty (XLS, 36 Ko) 


Reconciliation of work and private life

Input 

18.M3 IEK03 - Childcare (XLS, 36 Ko) 
18.A7 Care of dependent elderly (no data available)
  Inactivity trap after child care cost (lone parent with 2 children) (no data available yet) 

 

Process 

18.A5 IEK01 - Employment impact of parenthood (XLS, 30 Ko) 

Output 

18.A6 IEK02 - Lack of care systems for children and other dependants (XLS, 42 Ko) 
  Drop in theoretical replacement rates due to career interruptions (no data available yet) 

Radar charts

The indicators are brought together in four radar charts: one for the input indicators, one for the process indicators and one for the output indicators.  These are available for Belgium and for each of the three regions.

GFA1 - Radar charts flexicurity Belgium (PDF, 29 Ko)
GFA2 - Radar charts flexicurity Flemish Region (PDF, 28 Ko)
GFA3 - Radar charts flexicurity Walloon Region (PDF, 28 Ko)
GFA4 - Radar charts flexicurity Brussels-Capital Region (PDF, 27 Ko) 

FPS Employment, Labour and Social Dialogue

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